- on Audio/Video/Photography
- Published in issue 7/2003 on page 0
High-Q Notch Filter
Without close-tolerance components
A notch for a narrow frequency band of a few per cent or even less normally requires close-tolerance components. At least, that’s what we thought until we came across a special opamp IC from Maxim.In filters with steep slopes, the component tolerances will interact in the complex frequency response. This effect rules out the use of standard tolerance components if any useful result is to be achieved. The circuit shown here relocates the issue of the value-sensitive resistors that determine the filter response from ‘visible’ resistors to ready available integrated circuits which also make the PCB layout for the filter much simpler. The operational amplifiers we’ve in mind contain laser-trimmed resistors that maintain their nominal value within 1 ‰ or less. For the same accuracy, the effort that goes into matching individual precision resistors would be far more costly and time consuming. The desired notch (rejection) frequency is easily calculated for both R-C sections shown in Figure 1.