# Class-A Triode Push-Pull Amplifier

## Tube Sound It is 100 years ago this year that the triode was invented by Lee de Forest.
It is remarkable that triode output stages still occupy an important place in high-end audio amplifiers. Triode amplifiers are often very expensive. The design presented here is based on a combination of optimal quality and reasonable construction cost. Extra info / Update

In the circuit diagram (Figure 5), capacitors C6 and C7 should have a value of 47 uF, 100 V to match the parts list. C7 is shown with the wrong polarity. Two pins of V2.B are shown incorrectly: pin 8 is the cathode; pin 6 is the anode.

Component list
Resistors
(all metal film 1%, 0.25W or 0.6W unless otherwise specified)
R1 = 470kΩ
R2 = 390Ω
R3 = 8kΩ2
R4,R5 = 100kΩ 1W
R6 = 33kΩ
R7,R8 = 470kΩ
R9 = 470Ω
R10 = 4kΩ7
R11,R12 = 22kΩ 1W
R13,R14 = 470kΩ
R15,R16 = 1kΩ
R17,R18 = 1kΩ2 6W (wire wound) (1)
R19 = 33kΩ 1W
R20 = 150Ω 5W (wire wound)
R21 = 150kΩ 1W
R22,R23,R24 = 100Ω
P1 = 50kΩ logarithmic law potentiometer
Capacitors
C1 = 150pF ceramic
C2-C5 = 33nF 400V
C6,C7 = 47μF 100V electrolytic
C8 = 10μF 350V electrolytic
C9,C10,C11 = 100μF 350V electrolytic
C12,C13 = 470μF 63V electrolytic
Valves
V1 = 12AX7 or ECC83
V2 = 12AU7 or ECC82
V3 = 6AS7
Semiconductors:
D1-D4 = 1N4007 or bridge rectifier 400V piv @ 1A
D5 = 1N4007
Miscellaneous
Tr1 = mains transformer type 5N1609, primary 230 V, secondary 230V/40V/6.3 V (www.amplimo.nl)
Tr2 = output transformer type 3A524 (www.amplimo.nl)
F1 = fuse, 600mA, slow
F2 = fuse, 300mA, slow
Aluminium corner profile, e.g. # 04.90.2208 (www.tessatronic.nl; www.display.nl)