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Operating Life Extender for Incandescent Lamps

Operating Life Extender for Incandescent Lamps
One way to extend the operating life of incandescent lamps is to reduce the voltage across the lamp by connecting something in series with it. Naturally, a series resistor is the simplest solution, but this produces unnecessary power dissipation. In order to reduce the voltage on a 100-W lamp by approximately 10 V, slightly more than 4 W must be dissipated in the resistor, and that is naturally a waste of energy. A better approach is to use a phase control circuit with a triac controller to reduce to voltage on the lamp. To reduce the voltage on the lamp by 10 V, a phase cut of approximately 44 degrees is necessary. Three ways in which this can be done are presented here.
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