• on Miscellaneous Electronics
  • Published in issue 7/2011 on page 61
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Ring Oscillator

Ring Oscillator
The ring oscillator comprises a number of inverting transistor amplifier stages connected in series, in which the output of the final stage is connected to the input of the first stage. You have the choice of using three, five, seven or nine stages. The only condition is that the number must be odd, not even.
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