• on Audio/Video/Photography
  • Published in issue 4/2012 on page 16
About the article

Preamplifier 2012 (1)

Part 1: introduction and line-in/tone/volume board

Preamplifier 2012 (1)
Besides presenting a truly high end audio control preamplifier for home construction, this article series also aims to show how low-impedance design and multiple-amplifier techniques can be used to significantly reduce the noise levels in analogue circuitry. The result of the design effort is a top-notch preamp that’s brilliant not just sonically but also in terms of cost/performance ratio.
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Gerber file

CAM/CAD data for the PCB referred to in this article is available as a Gerber file. Elektor Members can exclusively download these files for free as part of their Membership. Gerber files allow a PCB to be produced on an appropriate device available locally, or through an online PCB manufacturing service. Elektor recommends its business partner Eurocircuits as the company of choice for its own prototypes and volume production in selected cases.

Extra info, Update

Test conditions: supply voltage ±17.6 V; all measurements symmetrical; tone control defeat disabled.
Test equipment: Audio Precision Two Cascade Plus 2722 Dual Domain (@Elektor Labs)
THD+N (200 mV in, 1 V out) 0.0015% (1 kHz, B = 22 Hz – 22 kHz)
0.0028% (20 kHz, B = 22 Hz – 80 kHz)
THD+N (2 V in, 1 V out) 0.0003% (1 kHz, B = 22 Hz – 22 kHz)
0.0009% (20 kHz, B = 22 Hz – 80 kHz)
S/N (200 mV in) 96 dB (B = 22 Hz – 22 kHz)
98.7 dBA
Bandwidth 0.2 Hz – 300 kHz
Max. output voltage (200 mV in) 1.3 V
Balance +3.6 dB to –6.3 dB
Tone control ±8 dB (100 Hz)
±8.5 dB (10 kHz)
Crosstalk R to L –98 dB (1 kHz)
–74 dB (20 kHz)
L to R –102 dB (1 kHz)
–80 dB (20 kHz)

(1% tolerance; metal film; 0.25W)
R1,R2,R39,R40 = 100Ohm
R3-R6,R41-R44,R78,R79 = 100kOhm
R45-R50,R54,R55,R59-R62,R71,R72 = 1kOhm
R13,R51 = 470Ohm
R14,R15,R52,R53 = 430Ohm
R18,R35,R36,R56,R73,R74 = 22kOhm
R19,R20,R57,R58 = 20Ohm
R25-R28,R63-R66 = 3.3kOhm
R29-R32,R67-R70 = 10Ohm
R37,R38,R75,R76 = 47Ohm
R77 = 120Ohm
P1,P2,P3,P4 = 1kOhm, 10%, 1W, stereo potentiometer, linear law, e.g. Vishay Spectrol cermet type 14920F0GJSX13102KA. Alternatively, Vishay Spectrol conductive plastic type 148DXG56S102SP (RS Components p/n 484-9146).
C1,C2,C10-C14,C26,C27,C35-C39 = 100pF 630V, 1%, polystyrene, axial
C3,C4,C28,C29 = 47µF 35V, 20%, bipolar, diam. 8mm, lead spacing 3.5mm, e.g. Multicomp p/n NP35V476M8X11.5
C5,C6,C30,C31 = 470pF 630V, 1%, polystyrene, axial
C7,C32 = 1µF 250V, 5%, polypropylene, lead spacing 15mm
C8,C9,C33,C34 = 100nF 250V, 5%, polypropylene, lead spacing 10mm
C15,C16,C40,C41 = 220µF 35V, 20%, bipolar, diam. 13mm, lead spacing 5mm, e.g. Multicomp p/n NP35V227M13X20
C17-C25,C42-C50 = 100nF 100V, 10%, lead spacing 7.5mm
C51 = 470nF 100V, 10%, lead spacing 7.5mm
C52,C53 = 100µF 25V, 20%, diam. 6.3mm, lead spacing 2.5mm
IC1,IC3,IC5-IC10,IC12,IC14-IC18 = NE5532, e.g. ON Semiconductor type NE5532ANG
IC2,IC4,IC11,IC13 = LM4562, e.g. National Semiconductor type LM4562NA/NOPB
K1-K4 = 4-pin straight pinheader, pitch 0.1’’ (2.54mm), with mating sockets
K5,K6,K7 = 2-pin pinheader, pitch 0.1’’ (2.54mm), with mating sockets
JP1 = 2-pin pinheader, pitch 0.1’’ (2.54mm), with jumper
K8 = 3-way PCB screw terminal block, pitch 5mm
RE1,RE2 = relay, 12V/960Ohm, 230VAC/3A, DPDT, TE Connectivity/Axicom type V23105-A5003-A201
PCB # 110650-1
Note: all parts available from Farnell (but not exclusively), except PCB 110650-1.
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