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RMS to DC Converter

In order to measure the RMS value of an alternating voltage an accurate converter is required to produce the true RMS value of its alternating input as a DC output. With simple sinewave inputs the RMS voltage can simply be calculated as 0.707 times the peak AC voltage, but with complex waveforms the calculation is not nearly as straightforward. The RMS value is defined as the DC voltage that would give the same heating effect in a resistor as the alternating voltage.
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