Pi Desktop and the Raspberry Pi make a PC like the others

November 30, 2017 | 10:00
Convert your Raspberry Pi into a Desktop PC - front
Sober, elegant, But the essentials are
at the back and especially in the case.

As long as it’s on the bench, a Raspberry Pi can live belly-up, but sooner or later most users will think about putting it in a case. For this purpose there are a multitude of cases available, mostly very similar. At first look, the case presented here looks like the others, but it offers more advantages than just a simple box to put the famous microcomputer in. It’s a little kit that turns it into a proper computer for the (corner of the) desktop.
Note: don’t confuse the Pi Desktop and the Pi-top. That is also presented as a case, but its ambition is to turn the RPi into a laptop computer, with integrated screen, primarily for educational use.

A (corner of the) desktop computer

The purpose of the Pi Desktop kit is to build, with a standard Raspberry Pi board, a real versatile computer, with up to 1 TB of mass storage and an on-off button controlled by software. RPi 2 or 3 ? Doesn’t matter, the board is not included in the kit, it’s up to you to chose the Raspberry Pi which will be the motherboard for your desktop computer.

Convert your Raspberry Pi into a Desktop PC - kit
The kit comprises a case, an extension card with 3 functions, and some accessories.

The originality of this kit is in its extension card controlled by an STM8S00 microcontroller. This is mounted in the case with the RPi, and connected to it by its GPIO connector. The extension card itself is equipped with a female GPIO connector on the other side, by which the I/O pins of the RPi are still accessible (with a few restrictions concerning the pins that are used by the extension card itself).

Convert your Raspberry Pi into a Desktop PC - extension board
The Pi Desktop extension card is mounted on the GPIO connector of the Raspberry Pi.

Functions of the Pi Desktop extension card for the Raspberry Pi

It’s the combination of three separate functions, all different but equally useful, that makes this kit interesting:

1. The extension card ensures, with the aid of appropriate software, intelligent and reliable control of the power.
For the user, this manifests itself by the presence on the cover of the Pi Desktop case of an illuminated button. On the photo of the kit above, one can see this mechanism on the inside face of the cover. It just presses on a pushbutton mounted on the extension card.

Convert your Raspberry Pi into a Desktop PC - mcu flow power
Controlled power management of the RPi.

You will have gathered that the purpose of this is to avoid untimely shutdowns. Effectively, to pass from the realms of an evaluation card to an office computer, the RPi must avoid the risks of not having managed control of its power. An untimely interruption of power to a computer risks causing grave damage, especially if, at the moment of disconnection, write operations are in progress. With Pi Desktop, this problem is resolved.

A user who wants to change the behaviour of the on-off button of his Pi Desktop, can modify (at his own risk and peril) the routines in the software (Python) that manage the control of the powering off and on. Details can be found in the documentation in the links at the end of this article.

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